The lens of your eye functions much like a camera lens. It is responsible for taking the light that enters your eye and focusing it on the back of your retina. The lens is also flexible, and tiny muscles in your eye bend the lens to focus on objects at all distances, up close and afar.
A cataract exists when the lens of your eye becomes cloudy, impairing your vision. Your lenses are made of protein and water, and as we age, the protein has a tendency to become clumped together and this causes cloudy patches in the lens which in turn makes it harder to see.
Cataracts are a natural part of the aging process. Most people over the age of 65 have already developed some clouding of their lenses; it just hasn’t begun to affect their vision yet. Over half of all Americans will have had a cataract before they turn 80. A cataract can develop in each eye separately or simultaneously in both eyes.
Early-stage cataracts do not need surgery, as there are several visual aids that can be prescribed to provide you with perfectly sufficient sight. But eventually, the cataract will progress to the point where you will need surgery.
Symptoms of Cataracts
Cataracts develop differently for everyone, but most people won’t even notice at first. Gradually, your lens will become cloudier, until it begins to show visual symptoms such as:
- Blurry vision
- Cloudy vision
- Glare or halos
- Rapid prescription changes
Cataracts are easily treatable. Upon diagnosis, there are several options, such as powerful eyeglasses, special lighting and magnifying glasses, which can improve your vision immediately. However, as cataracts progress, you will eventually reach a point where cataract surgery is necessary to restore clear vision. The good news is that modern cataract surgery is extremely safe and effective. Victoria Eye Center also offers advanced ‘Premium Cataract Surgery’ with one of our many Lifestyle Lens options. These are custom lenses engineered to restore a wide range of vision, both up close and far, and reduce, or even eliminate, the need for reading glasses!
If you or someone you love thinks they might be suffering from cataracts, have us take a look. Cataracts are easily diagnosed through a routine eye exam, and we can then work out a customized plan that might even leave you completely glasses-free after treatment.